It provided over 2 million soldiers, who fought numerous campaigns in the Middle East, and in the India-Burma front and also supplied billions of pounds to the British war effort. Bose's Indian National Army surrendered with the recapture of Singapore; Bose died in a plane crash soon thereafter.
British Political and Military Aims, Untouchables now known as the Dalits obtained a separate electorate. Britain subordinated the Indian economy to its own economy and determined the basic social trends in India according to her own needs. There were further symptoms of the disengagement from empire.
Second, the historical tradition and interest in democratic principles alludes to the more complex underlying social sentiments that characterized much of the resistance to British rule in the early 20th century. Nor were the differences in standards of living at the time very wide among the countries of the world.
Seeking power and a political voice in the imperial structure, they organised themselves into a party to represent their interests, founding the Muslim League in Jinnah proclaimed 16 AugustDirect Action Daywith the stated goal of highlighting, peacefully, the demand for a Muslim homeland in British India.
It is interesting, in this connection, to note that the dates of the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the British conquest of Bengal virtually coincide. The poverty of the people found its culmination in a series of famines which ravaged all parts of India in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Railway map of India in There was also a split within Congress between those who believed that violence was a justifiable weapon in the fight against imperial oppression whose most iconic figure was Subhas Chandra Bose, who went on to form the Indian National Armyand those who stressed non-violence.
However, it was only from the late s that it became inevitable that independence could only be achieved if accompanied by a partition.
This historical precedent, therefore, would appear to have paved the way for the democratic and republican sentiments of India in the midth century. In total he imprisoned 80, Indian activists.
As a result, India moved inexorably towards self-government. Bywith a history of 60 years of its construction, only ten per cent of the "superior posts" in the railways were held by Indians. By year's end1.
The Muslim League failed to achieve the confidence of the majority of Muslims in the elections of By mid nineteenth century, the British introduced the railways, telegraph and postal service in India. The years of drafts and negotiations undertaken by the Indian National Congress to produce a constitution which would enable India to assert republic status are not the focus of this essay.
Your deadline is looming closer by the minute. Indians had previously been appointed to legislative councils, but after the reforms some were elected to them. In Punjab, where the new border lines divided the Sikh regions in half, massive bloodshed followed; in Bengal and Bihar, where Gandhi's presence assuaged communal tempers, the violence was more limited.
Only after India had managed to gain certain independence and sovereignty from the British Empire.
Apart from these major famines, many other local famines and scarcities occurred. They would also serve as political bulwarks in the nationalist storms that gathered momentum from the late 19th century and broke with insistent ferocity over the first half of the 20th century.
The predominantly Hindu and Sikh areas were assigned to the new India and predominantly Muslim areas to the new nation of Pakistan ; the plan included a partition of the Muslim-majority provinces of Punjab and Bengal.
Step by step, the elective principle was introduced for membership in Indian legislative councils. In spite of official efforts to save lives through provision of famine relief, over 25 lakhs of people died. Drawing, titled "Famine in India," from The Graphic, February 27,showing a bazaar scene in India with shoppers, many of whom are emaciated, buying grain from a merchant's shop.
Top 10 books about the British in India If you ask any Indian writer which English book about India has This savage ingratitude for the supposed blessings of British rule provoked a.
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Impact of British Rule in India Essay Sample. The impact of British rule in India had been widespread throughout the country and affected all the aspects of social, political and economic views of India. The British rule over India changed the course of history in India.
The British came to India at the start of the seventeenth century. This was the time when the British East India Company was established in India to break the Dutch monopoly over spice trade.
British Rule In India History Essay.
Print Reference this. Disclaimer: With India under the colonial rule of Britain, they set up their own policies which kept them in control over the territory.
If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the. Major famines in India during British rule Map of famines in India between and This is a timeline of major famines on the Indian subcontinent during British rule from toIndia under british rule essay writer